La Conciergerie

In earlier years I was puzzled by the name of this building, since I knew the word concierge only as a person who sat at the entrance to an apartment building to keep track of who went in and out.

But in medieval times the Concierge was a high government official, appointed by the king, who was responsible for keeping order, supervising the police and prisons, and sometimes even governing the country while the king was off fighting in the crusades. So the Conciergerie (pronunciation here), a former royal palace, was this official’s headquarters. It was later used as a prison, both before and during the French Revolution.

Salle des Gens d’Armes

On the ground floor of the Conciergerie, this ‘Hall of the Men at Arms’ is where the police and soldiers used to wait until they were needed to maintain order in some part of the city. It was also their mess hall, apparently.

Water level during the flood of January 1910

In January 1910 the Seine River overflowed its banks and flooded large parts of the city, including the ground floor of the Conciergerie. This marking on one of the pillars shows the highest water level, on January 28, 1910.

Life-size effigies

In the years of The Terror, 1793 and 1794, more than 2600 prisoners were tried and convicted in this building, and sent from here to the guillotine. Today nothing remains from this period, so some scenes have been set up, using life-size effigies to show what it might have been like to be imprisoned here. One of the rooms has an effigy of Queen Marie Antoinette dressed in black, with her back to us, praying and being watched over by a guard. Even during the Revolution, rich prisoners could pay to get more comfortable cells than poor prisoners.

Looking at the reconstructed cells

Here some of my fellow tourists are trying to catch a glimpse of the scenes in the reconstructed prison cells. These are on the first floor (one flight up) of the Conciergerie, where there are also some museum displays on the history of the building.

Cour des femmes

What I liked best about my visit to the Conciergerie was a chance encounter in the Cour des femmes (Courtyard of the women). A group of a dozen or more deaf people were standing in a circle carrying out an animated conversation in sign language, in complete silence except when someone said something funny and they all laughed. One man was obviously the teacher or guide, but the others all asked questions or made comments in a very open and friendly atmosphere.

Conciergerie from the tour boat

Location and aerial view on

My photos in this post are from 2012. I revised the text in 2020.

See more posts on the 1st arrondissement of Paris.
See also: Boat trip on the Seine.


4 thoughts on “La Conciergerie”

  1. I’ve seen la Conciergerie in passing, but I had no idea of its history and the possibility of visiting its interior. Love its rich past, and I appreciate learning a bit more about Parisian history. Turns out you can never run out of things to learn about in the French capital, let alone visit!

  2. We took the tour once too. I remember Marie Antoinette in her cell. One very quiet Sunday morning we were walking through Paris and came to the Conciergerie and were brought to a stop by the scene. The Conciergerie was in perfect reflection in a Seine that had not one ripple in it. I’ve never seen it so still. That was magical. It’s a beautiful building . . . if you are not going to be beheaded soon.

  3. Thanks Don! As you likely can imagine, I am stressed to the max tonight, but this post relaxed me, helped me remember that there is life outside this bubble that is U.S. politics. Loved the pictures, listened to the pronunciation half a dozen times and I still cannot say it properly!

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