The Transportation Museum (Verkehrsmuseum) in Nürnberg is now officially called the DB-Museum because it belongs to the German Railway System (DB = Deutsche Bahn). It documents the history of the railroads in Germany from the beginning (which was right here, since the first line was between Nürnberg and Fürth in 1835) to the present day, or nearly so.
The Transportation Museum documents all phases of German railway development, including the dark period from 1933-1945, when the Nazis moved quickly to install their own people in positions of power in the railway system, and then used it as a willing accomplice in the war and in the transport of Jews and other minorities to the extermination camps.
Back in the doorway, contrasting with the cheerful tourist posters, is a photo of the tracks leading up to the extermination camp at Auschwitz.
The exhibits on the 1920s, 30s and 40s were all designed at the beginning of the 21st century and were opened in September 2002. Apart from railway history, they give a vivid impression of what was going on in Germany in those troubled decades.
At the Transportation Museum you can also get an impression of the chaotic conditions after the Second World War, when many trains and railway facilities had been damaged or destroyed by the bombings.
Other exhibits document the early stages of railroad development in the nineteenth century and the separate histories of the railroads in East and West Germany from 1949 to 1990.
There is also an exhibit on the history of railway stations in Germany, which begins with a large photo of the central station in Frankfurt am Main, taken in 1901. The streetcars are bigger now, and the square in front of the station is more cluttered, but the basic form of the station is still the same, after numerous phases of rebuilding and restoration.
My photos in this post are from 2004. I revised the text in 2022.